Symptoms Of Tampa Bay Traumatic Brain Injuries

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders [1] and Stroke (NINDS) describes Traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a form of acquired brain injury that occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue.  Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain.   A person with a mild TBI may remain conscious or may experience a loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes.

According to the NINDS, symptoms of traumatic brain injury may include the following:

Mild traumatic brain injury

  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Tired eyes
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Fatigue or lethargy
  • A change in sleep patterns
  • Behavioral or mood changes
  • Trouble with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking

Moderate or severe traumatic brain injury

  • Same symptoms as mild traumatic brain injury
  • A headache that gets worse or does not go away
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions
  • Seizures
  • An inability to awaken from sleep
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Slurred Speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the extremities
  • Loss of coordination
  • Increased confusion, restlessness or agitation LLC., is an internet resource for education, advocacy, research and support for brain injury survivors [2], their families as well as medical professionals.  Their research provides that the impact of a moderate to severe TBI[3], their research can include:

Cognitive deficits including difficulties with:

  • Distractibility
  • Speed of Processing
  • Confusion
  • Perseveration
  • Impulsiveness
  • Language Processing
  • “Executive functions”

Speech and Language

  • Not understanding the spoken word (receptive aphasia)
  • Difficulty speaking and being understood (expressive aphasia)
  • Speaking very fast or very slow
  • Problems reading or writing


  • Difficulties with interpretation of touch, temperature, movement, limb position, and fine discrimination


  • Partial or total loss of vision
  • The weakness of eye muscles and double vision (diplopia)
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems judging distance
  • Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus)
  • Intolerance of light (photophobia)


  • Decrease or loss of hearing
  • Increased sensitivity to sounds


  • Loss or diminished sense of smell (anosmia)


  • Loss or diminished sense of taste

Physical Changes

  • Physical paralysis/spasticity
  • Chronic pain
  • Control of bowel and bladder
  • Sleep disorders
  • Loss of stamina
  • Appetite changes
  • Regulation of body temperature
  • Menstrual difficulties


  • Dependent behaviors
  • Emotional ability
  • Lack of motivation
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Depression
  • Disinhibition
  • Denial/lack of awareness

Leading Cause of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The Centers for Disease Control[4] and Prevention sets forth the most common causes of TBI:

From 2006–2010, falls were the leading cause of TBI, accounting for 40% of all TBIs in the United States that resulted in an emergency room visit, hospitalization, or death.

  • Unintentional blunt trauma (e.g., being hit by an object) was the second leading cause of TBI, accounting for about 15% of TBIs in the United States for 2006–2010.
  • Among all age groups, motor vehicle crashes were the third overall leading cause of TBI (14%).   When looking at just TBI-related deaths, motor vehicle crashes were the second leading cause of TBI-related deaths (26%) for 2006–2010.
  • The leading cause of TBI-related hospitalizations varied by age:

Falls were the leading cause among children ages 0-14 and adults 45 years and older.

Motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of hospitalizations for adolescents and persons ages 15-44 years.

If you or someone that you know suffered a traumatic brain injury, it is important to contact an experienced Tampa Bay brain injury attorney who can assist you in determining if you are entitled to compensatory damages for your injuries from those who may be responsible. At the Dolman Law Group in Clearwater, Florida, our team of highly skilled brain injury lawyers have helped many victims obtain the recovery they deserve for their injuries and related losses including lost wages, medical expenses as well as pain and suffering. Please call our office at 727-451-6900 today.

Dolman Law Group
800 North Belcher Road
Clearwater, FL 3375
(727) 451-6900



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